WELCOME # 182 Cote D’Ivoire Population: 21,504,162


 Background
Close ties to France since independence in 1960, the development of cocoa production for export, and foreign investment made Cote d’Ivoire one of the most prosperous of the West African states, but did not protect it from political turmoil. In December 1999, a military coup – the first ever in Cote d’Ivoire’s history – overthrew the government. Junta leader Robert GUEI blatantly rigged elections held in late 2000 and declared himself the winner. Popular protest forced him to step aside and brought Laurent GBAGBO into power. Ivorian dissidents and disaffected members of the military launched a failed coup attempt in September 2002. Rebel forces claimed the northern half of the country, and in January 2003 were granted ministerial positions in a unity government under the auspices of the Linas-Marcoussis Peace Accord. President GBAGBO and rebel forces resumed implementation of the peace accord in December 2003 after a three-month stalemate, but issues that sparked the civil war, such as land reform and grounds for citizenship, remained unresolved. In March 2007 President GBAGBO and former New Force rebel leader Guillaume SORO signed the Ouagadougou Political Agreement. As a result of the agreement, SORO joined GBAGBO’s government as Prime Minister and the two agreed to reunite the country by dismantling the zone of confidence separating North from South, integrate rebel forces into the national armed forces, and hold elections. Disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration of rebel forces have been problematic as rebels seek to enter the armed forces. Citizen identification and voter registration pose election difficulties, and balloting planned for November 2009 was postponed to 2010. On 28 November 2010, Alassane Dramane OUATTARA won the presidential election, defeating then President Laurent GBAGBO. GBAGBO refused to hand over power, resulting in a 6-month stand-off. In April 2011, after widespread fighting, GBAGBO was formally forced from office by OUATTARA supporters with the support of UN and French forces. Several thousand UN troops and several hundred French remain in Cote d’Ivoire to support the transition process.
 Geography
Most of the inhabitants live along the sandy coastal region; apart from the capital area, the forested interior is sparsely populated
Location: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Ghana and Liberia
Geographic coordinates: 8 00 N, 5 00 W
Area: total: 322,463 sq km land: 318,003 sq km water: 4,460 sq km

Size comparison: slightly larger than New Mexico

Land Boundaries: total: 3,110 km border countries: Burkina Faso 584 km, Ghana 668 km, Guinea 610 km, Liberia 716 km, Mali 532 km
Coastline: 515 km
Maritime claims: territorial sea: 12 nm exclusive economic zone: 200 nm continental shelf: 200 nm
Climate: tropical along coast, semiarid in far north; three seasons – warm and dry (November to March), hot and dry (March to May), hot and wet (June to October)
Terrain: mostly flat to undulating plains; mountains in northwest
Elevation extremes: lowest point: Gulf of Guinea 0 m highest point: Monts Nimba 1,752 m
Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, diamonds, manganese, iron ore, cobalt, bauxite, copper, gold, nickel, tantalum, silica sand, clay, cocoa beans, coffee, palm oil, hydropower
Land use: arable land: 10.23% permanent crops: 11.16% other: 78.61% (2005)
Irrigated land: 730 sq km (2008)
Natural hazards: coast has heavy surf and no natural harbors; during the rainy season torrential flooding is possible
Current Environment Issues: deforestation (most of the country’s forests – once the largest in West Africa – have been heavily logged); water pollution from sewage and industrial and agricultural effluents
International Environment Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
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 People
Population: 21,504,162 (July 2011 est.) note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Age structure: 0-14 years: 39.8% (male 4,312,133/female 4,240,500) 15-64 years: 57.2% (male 6,262,802/female 6,039,458) 65 years and over: 3% (male 320,396/female 328,873) (2011 est.)
Median age: total: 19.6 years male: 19.7 years female: 19.5 years (2011 est.)
Population growth rate: 2.078% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 30.95 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 10.16 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population NA (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.99 male(s)/female total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
Infant mortality rate: total: 64.78 deaths/1,000 live births male: 71.54 deaths/1,000 live births female: 57.83 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 56.78 years male: 55.79 years female: 57.81 years (2011 est.)
Total fertility rate: 3.92 children born/woman (2011 est.)
HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate: 3.4% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS: 450,000 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS – deaths: 36,000 (2009 est.)
Nationality: noun: Ivoirian(s) adjective: Ivoirian
Ethnic groups: Akan 42.1%, Voltaiques or Gur 17.6%, Northern Mandes 16.5%, Krous 11%, Southern Mandes 10%, other 2.8% (includes 130,000 Lebanese and 14,000 French) (1998)
Religions: Muslim 38.6%, Christian 32.8%, indigenous 11.9%, none 16.7% (2008 est.) note: the majority of foreigners (migratory workers) are Muslim (70%) and Christian (20%)
Languages: French (official), 60 native dialects of which Dioula is the most widely spoken
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write total population: 48.7% male: 60.8% female: 38.6% (2000 est.)
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 Government
Country name: conventional long form: Republic of Cote d’Ivoire conventional short form: Cote d’Ivoire local long form: Republique de Cote d’Ivoire local short form: Cote d’Ivoire note: pronounced coat-div-whar former: Ivory Coast
Government type: republic; multiparty presidential regime established 1960 note: the government is currently disputed as of 31 January 2011, with both candidates in the runoff claiming victory
Capital: name: Yamoussoukro geographic coordinates: 6 49 N, 5 17 W time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time) note: although Yamoussoukro has been the official capital since 1983, Abidjan remains the commercial and administrative center; the US, like other countries, maintains its Embassy in Abidjan
Administrative divisions: 19 regions; Agneby, Bafing, Bas-Sassandra, Denguele, Dix-Huit Montagnes, Fromager, Haut-Sassandra, Lacs, Lagunes, Marahoue, Moyen-Cavally, Moyen-Comoe, N’zi-Comoe, Savanes, Sud-Bandama, Sud-Comoe, Vallee du Bandama, Worodougou, Zanzan
Independence: 7 August 1960 (from France)
National holiday: Independence Day, 7 August (1960)
Constitution: approved by referendum 23 July 2000
Legal system: civil law system based on the French civil code; judicial review in the Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
Executive branch: chief of state: President Alassane OUATTARA (since 4 December 2010); head of government: Prime Minister Guillaume SORO (since 4 April 2007); cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president (For more information visit the World Leaders website ) elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term (no term limits); election last held on 31 October and 28 November 2010 (next to be held in 2015); prime minister appointed by the president election results: Alassane OUATTARA elected president; percent of vote – Alassane OUATTARA 54.1%, Laurent GBAGBO 45.9%; note – President OUATTARA was declared winner by the election commission and took the oath of office on 4 December, Prime Minister SORO resigned from the incumbent administration and was subsequently appointed to the same position by OUATTARA; former president GBAGBO refused to cede resulting in a 6-month stand-off, he was finally forced to stand down in April 2011
Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (225 seats; members elected in single- and multi-district elections by direct popular vote to serve five-year terms) elections: elections last held on 10 December 2000 with by-elections on 14 January 2001 (elections originally scheduled for 2005 have been repeatedly postponed by the government) election results: percent of vote by party – NA; seats by party – FPI 96, PDCI-RDA 94, RDR 5, PIT 4, other 2, independents 22, vacant 2 note: a Senate was scheduled to be created in October 2006 elections that never took place
Judicial branch: Supreme Court or Cour Supreme consists of four chambers: Judicial Chamber for criminal cases, Audit Chamber for financial cases, Constitutional Chamber for judicial review cases, and Administrative Chamber for civil cases; there is no legal limit to the number of members
Political parties and leaders: Citizen’s Democratic Union or UDCY [Theodore MEL EG]; Democratic Party of Cote d’Ivoire or PDCI [Henri Konan BEDIE]; Ivorian Popular Front or FPI [Pascale Affi N’GUESSAN]; Ivorian Worker’s Party or PIT [Francis WODIE]; Opposition Movement of the Future or MFA [Innocent Augustin ANAKY]; Rally of the Republicans or RDR [Alassane OUATTARA]; Union for Democracy and Peace in Cote d’Ivoire or UDPCI [Toikeuse MABRI]; over 144 smaller registered parties
Political pressure groups and leaders: Federation of University and High School Students of Cote d’Ivoire or FESCI [Serges KOFFI]; Rally of Houphouetists for Democracy and Peace or RHDP [Alphonse DJEDJE MADY]; Young Patriots [Charles BLE GOUDE]
International organization participation: ACP, AfDB, AU, ECOWAS (suspended), Entente, FAO, FZ, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NAM, OIC, OIF, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, Union Latina, UNWTO, UPU, WADB (regional), WAEMU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Daouda DIABATE chancery: 2424 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008 telephone: [1] (202) 797-0300 FAX: [1] (202) 244-3088
Diplomatic representation from the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Wanda L. NESBITT embassy: Cocody Riviera Golf 01, Abidjan mailing address: B. P. 1712, Abidjan 01 telephone: [225] 22 49 40 00 FAX: [225] 22 49 43 32
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 Economy
Cote d’Ivoire is heavily dependent on agriculture and related activities, which engage roughly 68% of the population. Cote d’Ivoire is the world’s largest producer and exporter of cocoa beans and a significant producer and exporter of coffee and palm oil. Consequently, the economy is highly sensitive to fluctuations in international prices for these products, and, to a lesser extent, in climatic conditions. Cocoa, oil, and coffee are the country’s top export revenue earners, but the country is also producing gold. Since the end of the civil war in 2003, political turmoil has continued to damage the economy, resulting in the loss of foreign investment and slow economic growth. GDP grew by more than 2% in 2008 and around 4% per year in 2009-10. Per capita income has declined by 15% since 1999, but registered a slight improvement in 2009-10. Power cuts caused by a turbine failure in early 2010 slowed economic activity. Cote d’Ivoire in 2010 signed agreements to restructure its Paris Club bilateral, other bilateral, and London Club debt. Cote d’Ivoire’s long term challenges include political instability and degrading infrastructure.
GDP (purchasing power parity): GDP (purchasing power parity): $37.02 billion (2010 est.) $36.09 billion (2009 est.) $34.79 billion (2008 est.) note: data are in 2010 US dollars
GDP (official exchange rate): GDP (official exchange rate): $22.82 billion (2010 est.)
GDP – real growth rate: 2.6% (2010 est.) 3.8% (2009 est.) 2.3% (2008 est.)
GDP – per capita (PPP): GDP – per capita (PPP): $1,800 (2010 est.) $1,800 (2009 est.) $1,700 (2008 est.) note: data are in 2010 US dollars
GDP – composition by sector: agriculture: 28% industry: 21.3% services: 50.7% (2010 est.)
Labor force: 8.511 million (2010 est.)
Labor force – by occupation: agriculture: 68% industry and services: NA (2007 est.)
Unemployment rate: NA% note: unemployment may have climbed to 40-50% as a result of the civil war
Population below poverty line: 42% (2006 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 2.2% highest 10%: 31.8% (2008)
Distribution of family income – Gini index: 41.5 (2008) 36.7 (1995)
Inflation rate (consumer prices): Inflation rate (consumer prices): 1.1% (2010 est.) 0.9% (2009 est.)
Investment (gross fixed): Investment (gross fixed): 11.1% of GDP (2010 est.)
Budget: revenues: $4.571 billion expenditures: $5.027 billion (2010 est.)
Public debt: 63.8% of GDP (2010 est.) 66.2% of GDP (2009 est.)
Agriculture – products: coffee, cocoa beans, bananas, palm kernels, corn, rice, manioc (tapioca), sweet potatoes, sugar, cotton, rubber; timber
Industries: foodstuffs, beverages; wood products, oil refining, truck and bus assembly, textiles, fertilizer, building materials, electricity, ship construction and repair
Industrial production growth rate: 4.5% (2010 est.)
Electricity – production: 5.548 billion kWh (2008 est.)
Electricity – consumption: 3.584 billion kWh (2008 est.)
Electricity – exports: 599 million kWh (2008 est.)
Electricity – imports: 599 million kWh (2008 est.)
Oil – production: 44,880 bbl/day (2010 est.)
Oil – consumption: 25,000 bbl/day (2010 est.)
Oil – exports: 70,800 bbl/day (2009 est.)
Oil – imports: 85,190 bbl/day (2009 est.)
Oil – proved reserves: 100 million bbl (1 January 2011 est.)
Natural gas – production: 1.6 billion cu m (2009 est.)
Natural gas – consumption: 1.6 billion cu m (2009 est.)
Natural gas – exports: 0 cu m (2009 est.)
Natural gas – imports: 0 cu m (2009 est.)
Natural gas – proved reserves: 28.32 billion cu m (1 January 2011 est.)
Current account balance: $541.4 million (2010 est.) $1.67 billion (2009 est.)
Exports: $10.38 billion (2010 est.) $10.5 billion (2009 est.)
Exports – commodities: cocoa, coffee, timber, petroleum, cotton, bananas, pineapples, palm oil, fish
Exports – partners: US 10.2%, Netherlands 10%, Nigeria 7.7%, Ghana 6.7%, Germany 6.2%, France 6.2%, Burkina Faso 4.5% (2010)
Imports: $6.925 billion (2010 est.) $6.318 billion (2009 est.)
Imports – commodities: fuel, capital equipment, foodstuffs
Imports – partners: Nigeria 22.4%, France 12.6%, China 7.1%, Thailand 4.8% (2010)
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold: $3.594 billion (31 December 2010 est.) $3.267 billion (31 December 2009 est.)
Debt – external: $11.52 billion (31 December 2010 est.) $11.7 billion (31 December 2009 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment – at home: $NA
Stock of direct foreign investment – abroad: $NA
Market value of publicly traded shares: $7.099 billion (31 December 2010) $6.141 billion (31 December 2009) $7.071 billion (31 December 2008)
Exchange rates: Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XOF) per US dollar – 495.28 (2010) 472.19 (2009) 447.81 (2008) 481.83 (2007) 522.89 (2006)
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 Communications
Telephones in use: 282,100 (2009) country comparison to the world: 118
Cellular Phones in use: 13.346 million (2009)
Telephone system: general assessment: well developed by African standards; telecommunications sector privatized in late 1990s and operational fixed-lines have increased since that time with two fixed-line providers operating over open-wire lines, microwave radio relay, and fiber-optics; 90% digitalized domestic: with multiple mobile-cellular service providers competing in the market, usage has increased sharply to roughly 65 per 100 persons international: country code – 225; landing point for the SAT-3/WASC fiber-optic submarine cable that provides connectivity to Europe and Asia; satellite earth stations – 2 Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean and 1 Indian Ocean) (2009)
Radio broadcast stations:
Television broadcast stations:
Internet country code: .ci
Internet hosts: 9,865 (2010)
Internet users: 967,300 (2009)
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 Transportation
Airports: 27 (2010) country comparison to the world: 121
Airports (paved runways): total: 7 over 3,047 m: 1 2,438 to 3,047 m: 2 1,524 to 2,437 m: 4 (2010)
Airports (unpaved runways): total: 20 1,524 to 2,437 m: 6 914 to 1,523 m: 11 under 914 m: 3 (2010)
Pipelines: condensate 86 km; gas 180 km; oil 92 km (2010)
Railways: total: 660 km narrow gauge: 660 km 1.000-m gauge note: an additional 622 km of this railroad extends into Burkina Faso (2010)
Roadways: total: 80,000 km paved: 6,500 km unpaved: 73,500 km note: includes intercity and urban roads; another 20,000 km of dirt roads are in poor condition and 150,000 km of dirt roads are impassable (2006)
Waterways: 980 km (navigable rivers, canals, and numerous coastal lagoons) (2009)
Ports and terminals: Abidjan, Espoir, San-Pedro
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 Military
Military branches: Republican Forces of Cote d’Ivoire (Force Republiques de Cote d’Ivoire, FRCI): Army, Navy, Cote d’Ivoire Air Force (Force Aerienne de la Cote d’Ivoire) note: FRCI is the former Armed Forces of the New Forces (FAFN) (2011)
Military service age and obligation: 18-25 years of age for compulsory and voluntary male and female military service; voluntary recruitment of former rebels into the new national army is restricted to ages 22-29 (2011)
Manpower available for military service: males age 16-49: 5,247,522 females age 16-49: 5,047,901 (2010 est.)
Manpower fit for military service: males age 16-49: 3,360,087 females age 16-49: 3,196,033 (2010 est.)

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