Latest Country to hit 1000 unique views – Croatia Population: 4,475,611


 Background
The lands that today comprise Croatia were part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until the close of World War I. In 1918, the Croats, Serbs, and Slovenes formed a kingdom known after 1929 as Yugoslavia. Following World War II, Yugoslavia became a federal independent Communist state under the strong hand of Marshal TITO. Although Croatia declared its independence from Yugoslavia in 1991, it took four years of sporadic, but often bitter, fighting before occupying Serb armies were mostly cleared from Croatian lands, along with a majority of Croatia’s ethnic Serb population. Under UN supervision, the last Serb-held enclave in eastern Slavonia was returned to Croatia in 1998. In April 2009, Croatia joined NATO; Croatia signed the EU Accession Treaty in December 2011 and ratified the Treaty in January, 2012. Croatia will become a member after all 27 EU members ratify the treaty, with a target date of July 2013.
 Geography
Controls most land routes from Western Europe to Aegean Sea and Turkish Straits; most Adriatic Sea islands lie off the coast of Croatia – some 1,200 islands, islets, ridges, and rocks
Location: Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Slovenia
Geographic coordinates: 45 10 N, 15 30 E
Area: total: 56,594 sq km land: 55,974 sq km water: 620 sq km

Size comparison: slightly smaller than West Virginia

Land Boundaries: total: 1,982 km border countries: Bosnia and Herzegovina 932 km, Hungary 329 km, Serbia 241 km, Montenegro 25 km, Slovenia 455 km
Coastline: 5,835 km (mainland 1,777 km, islands 4,058 km)
Maritime claims: territorial sea: 12 nm continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Climate: Mediterranean and continental; continental climate predominant with hot summers and cold winters; mild winters, dry summers along coast
Terrain: geographically diverse; flat plains along Hungarian border, low mountains and highlands near Adriatic coastline and islands
Elevation extremes: lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m highest point: Dinara 1,831 m
Natural resources: oil, some coal, bauxite, low-grade iron ore, calcium, gypsum, natural asphalt, silica, mica, clays, salt, hydropower
Land use: arable land: 25.82% permanent crops: 2.19% other: 71.99% (2005)
Irrigated land: 310 sq km (2003)
Natural hazards: destructive earthquakes
Current Environment Issues: air pollution (from metallurgical plants) and resulting acid rain is damaging the forests; coastal pollution from industrial and domestic waste; landmine removal and reconstruction of infrastructure consequent to 1992-95 civil strife
International Environment Agreements: party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
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 People
Population: 4,475,611 (July 2013 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 14.6% (male 334,424/female 317,141) 15-24 years: 12.2% (male 279,375/female 267,184) 25-54 years: 41.4% (male 917,030/female 935,270) 55-64 years: 14.4% (male 314,761/female 330,961) 65 years and over: 17.4% (male 311,581/female 467,884) (2013 est.) population pyramid:
Median age: total: 41.7 years male: 39.7 years female: 43.5 years (2012 est.)
Population growth rate: -0.092% (2012 est.)
Birth rate: 9.57 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)
Death rate: 11.99 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)
Net migration rate: 1.51 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.66 male(s)/female total population: 0.93 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
Infant mortality rate: total: 6.06 deaths/1,000 live births male: 6.16 deaths/1,000 live births female: 5.96 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 75.99 years male: 72.38 years female: 79.8 years (2012 est.)
Total fertility rate: 1.45 children born/woman (2013 est.)
HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate: less than 0.1% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS: fewer than 1,000 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS – deaths: fewer than 100 (2009 est.)
Nationality: noun: Croat(s), Croatian(s) adjective: Croatian
Ethnic groups: Croat 89.6%, Serb 4.5%, other 5.9% (including Bosniak, Hungarian, Slovene, Czech, and Roma) (2001 census)
Religions: Roman Catholic 87.8%, Orthodox 4.4%, other Christian 0.4%, Muslim 1.3%, other and unspecified 0.9%, none 5.2% (2001 census)
Languages: Croatian (official) 96.1%, Serbian 1%, other and undesignated (including Italian, Hungarian, Czech, Slovak, and German) 2.9% (2001 census)
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write total population: 98.8% male: 99.5% female: 98.2% (2010 est.)
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 Government
Country name: conventional long form: Republic of Croatia conventional short form: Croatia local long form: Republika Hrvatska local short form: Hrvatska former: People’s Republic of Croatia, Socialist Republic of Croatia
Government type: parliamentary democracy
Capital: name: Zagreb geographic coordinates: 45 48 N, 16 00 E time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Administrative divisions: 20 counties (zupanije, zupanija – singular) and 1 city* (grad – singular) with special county status; Bjelovarsko-Bilogorska, Brodsko-Posavska, Dubrovacko-Neretvanska (Dubrovnik-Neretva), Istarska (Istria), Karlovacka, Koprivnicko-Krizevacka, Krapinsko-Zagorska, Licko-Senjska (Lika-Senj), Medimurska, Osjecko-Baranjska, Pozesko-Slavonska (Pozega-Slavonia), Primorsko-Goranska, Sibensko-Kninska, Sisacko-Moslavacka, Splitsko-Dalmatinska (Split-Dalmatia), Varazdinska, Viroviticko-Podravska, Vukovarsko-Srijemska, Zadarska, Zagreb*, Zagrebacka (Zagreb county)
Independence: 25 June 1991 (from Yugoslavia)
National holiday: Independence Day, 8 October (1991) and Statehood Day, 25 June (1991); note – 25 June 1991 was the day the Croatian parliament voted for independence; following a three-month moratorium to allow the European Community to solve the Yugoslav crisis peacefully, Parliament adopted a decision on 8 October 1991 to sever constitutional relations with Yugoslavia
Constitution: adopted 22 December 1990; revised 1997, 1998, 2000, 2001, and 2010
Legal system: civil law system influenced by legal heritage of Austria-Hungary; note – Croatian law was fully harmonized with the the European Community acquis as of the June 2010 completion of EU accession negotiations
Suffrage: 18 years of age, 16 if employed; universal
Executive branch: chief of state: President Ivo JOSIPOVIC (since 18 February 2010) head of government: Prime Minister Zoran MILANOVIC (since 23 December 2011); First Deputy Prime Minister Vesna PUSIC (since 16 November 2012) cabinet: Council of Ministers named by the prime minister and approved by the parliamentary assembly (For more information visit the World Leaders website ) elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 10 January 2010 (next to be held in December 2014); the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition usually appointed prime minister by the president and then approved by the assembly election results: Ivo JOSIPOVIC elected president; percent of vote in the second round – Ivo JOSIPOVIC 60%, Milan BANDIC 40%
Legislative branch: unicameral Assembly or Sabor (151 seats; members elected from party lists by popular vote to serve four-year terms) elections: last held on 4 December 2011 (next to be held in late 2015) election results: percent of vote by party – Kukuriku 40%, HDZ 23.5%, Laborists-Labor 5.1%, HSS 3%, HDSSB 2.9%, Independent list of Ivan Grubisic 2.8%, HCSP-HSP 2.8%, other 19.9%; number of seats by party – Kukuriku 80, HDZ 47, Laborists-Labor 6, HDSSB 6, Independent list of Ivan Grubisic 2, HSS 1, HCSP-HSP 1, other 8
Judicial branch: Supreme Court (country’s highest court; ensures uniform application of laws and equal justice; judges are appointed by the National Judicial Council; Court President is appointed and removed by proposal of the President with the consent of the Croatian Parliament); Constitutional Court; (consists of 13 judges elected by the Croatian Paliament for eight year terms)
Political parties and leaders: Croatian Civic Party or HGS [Ante OBAD]; Croatian Democratic Congress of Slavonia and Baranja or HDSSB [Vladimir SISLJAGIC]; Croatian Democratic Union or HDZ [Tomislav KARAMARKO]; Croatian Laborists-Labor Party [Dragutin LESAR]; Croatian Party of Rights or HSP [Daniel SRB]; Croatian Peasant Party or HSS [Branko HRG]; Croatian Pensioner Party or HSU [Silvano HRELJA]; Croatian People’s Party – Liberal Democrats or HNS [Radimir CACIC]; Croatian Pure Party of Rights-Ante Starcevic or HSP-AS [Ruza TOMASIC]; Croatian Social Liberal Party or HSLS [Darinko KOSOR]; Independent Democratic Serb Party or SDSS [Vojislav STANIMIROVIC]; Istrian Democratic Assembly or IDS [Ivan JAKOVCIC]; Kukuriku Coalition (consists of SDP, HNS, IDS, and HSU) [Zoran MILANOVIC]; Social Democratic Party of Croatia or SDP [Zoran MILANOVIC]
Political pressure groups and leaders: other: human rights groups
International organization participation: Australia Group, BIS, BSEC (observer), CD, CE, CEI, EAPC, EBRD, EU (acceding country), FAO, G-11, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, MINURSO, MINUSTAH, NAM (observer), NATO, NSG, OAS (observer), OIF (observer), OPCW, OSCE, PCA, SELEC, UN, UNCTAD, UNDOF, UNESCO, UNFICYP, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNMIL, UNMOGIP, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC
Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Josko PARO chancery: 2343 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008 telephone: [1] (202) 588-5899 FAX: [1] (202) 588-8936 consulate(s) general: Chicago, Los Angeles, New York
Diplomatic representation from the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Kenneth MERTEN embassy: 2 Thomas Jefferson Street, 10010 Zagreb mailing address: use street address telephone: [385] (1) 661-2200 FAX: [385] (1) 661-2373
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 Economy
Though still one of the wealthiest of the former Yugoslav republics, Croatia’s economy suffered badly during the 1991-95 war. The country’s output during that time collapsed and Croatia missed the early waves of investment in Central and Eastern Europe that followed the fall of the Berlin Wall. Between 2000 and 2007, however, Croatia’s economic fortunes began to improve slowly with moderate but steady GDP growth between 4% and 6% led by a rebound in tourism and credit-driven consumer spending. Inflation over the same period remained tame and the currency, the kuna, stable. Croatia experienced an abrupt slowdown in the economy in 2008 and has yet to recover. Difficult problems still remain, including a stubbornly high unemployment rate, uneven regional development, and a challenging investment climate. The new government has announced a more flexible approach to privatization, including the sale in the coming years of state-owned businesses that are not of strategic importance. While macroeconomic stabilization has largely been achieved, structural reforms lag. Croatia will face significant pressure as a result of the global financial crisis, due to reduced exports and capital inflows. Croatia reentered a recession in 2012, and Zagreb cut spending. The government also raised additional revenues through more stringent tax collection and by raising the Value Added Tax in February 2012. Croatia’s high foreign debt, strained state budget, and over-reliance on tourism revenue could hinder economic progress over the medium-term.
GDP (purchasing power parity): GDP (purchasing power parity): $79.14 billion (2012 est.) $80.59 billion (2011 est.) $80.6 billion (2010 est.) note: data are in 2012 US dollars
GDP (official exchange rate): GDP (official exchange rate): $57.49 billion (2012 est.)
GDP – real growth rate: -1.8% (2012 est.) 0% (2011 est.) -1.4% (2010 est.)
GDP – per capita (PPP): GDP – per capita (PPP): $18,100 (2012 est.) $18,300 (2011 est.) $18,200 (2010 est.) note: data are in 2012 US dollars
GDP – composition by sector: agriculture: 4.7% industry: 33.1% services: 62.2% (2012 est.)
Labor force: 1.745 million (2012 est.)
Labor force – by occupation: agriculture: 2.1% industry: 29% services: 69% (2012)
Unemployment rate: 20.4% (2012 est.) 17.9% (2011 est.)
Population below poverty line: 21.1% (2011)
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 3.3% highest 10%: 27.5% (2008 est.)
Distribution of family income – Gini index: 32 (2010) 29 (1998)
Inflation rate (consumer prices): Inflation rate (consumer prices): 4.7% (2012 est.) 2.1% (2011 est.)
Investment (gross fixed): Investment (gross fixed): 18.4% of GDP (2012 est.)
Budget: revenues: $19.3 billion expenditures: $20.99 billion (2012 est.)
Public debt: 52.1% of GDP (2012 est.) 46.7% of GDP (2011 est.)
Agriculture – products: arable crops (wheat, corn, barley, sugar beet, sunflower, rapeseed, alfalfa, clover); vegetables (potatoes, cabbage, onion, tomato, pepper); fruits (apples, plum, mandarins, olives), grapes for wine; livestock (cattle, cows, pigs); dairy products
Industries: chemicals and plastics, machine tools, fabricated metal, electronics, pig iron and rolled steel products, aluminum, paper, wood products, construction materials, textiles, shipbuilding, petroleum and petroleum refining, food and beverages, tourism
Industrial production growth rate: -5.3% (2012 est.)
Electricity – production: 9.281 billion kWh (2012 est.) country comparison to the world: 97
Electricity – consumption: 16.7 billion kWh (2012 est.)
Electricity – exports: 1.38 billion kWh (2012 est.)
Electricity – imports: 8.799 billion kWh (2012 est.)
Natural gas – production: 1.85 billion cu m (2012 est.)
Natural gas – consumption: 2.755 billion cu m (2012 est.)
Natural gas – exports: 222 million cu m (2012 est.)
Natural gas – imports: 1.127 billion cu m (2012 est.)
Natural gas – proved reserves: 24.92 billion cu m (1 January 2012 est.)
Current account balance: -$560 million (2012 est.) -$449 million (2011 est.)
Exports: $12.34 billion (2012 est.) $13.36 billion (2011 est.)
Exports – commodities: transport equipment, machinery, textiles, chemicals, foodstuffs, fuels
Exports – partners: Italy 15.8%, Bosnia and Herzegovina 12.2%, Germany 10.1%, Slovenia 8.3%, Austria 5.7% (2011)
Imports: $20.76 billion (2012 est.) $22.7 billion (2011 est.)
Imports – commodities: machinery, transport and electrical equipment; chemicals, fuels and lubricants; foodstuffs
Imports – partners: Italy 16.3%, Germany 12.6%, Russia 7.2%, China 7.1%, Slovenia 6.2%, Austria 4.5% (2011)
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold: $14.89 billion (31 December 2012 est.) $14.48 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Debt – external: $61.07 billion (31 December 2012 est.) $61.78 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment – at home: $34.27 billion (31 December 2012 est.) $32.8 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Stock of direct foreign investment – abroad: $6.074 billion (31 December 2012 est.) $5.674 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Market value of publicly traded shares: $21.3 billion (31 December 2012) $22.44 billion (31 December 2011) $25.28 billion (31 December 2010)
Exchange rates: kuna (HRK) per US dollar – 5.7267 (2012 est.) 5.3439 (2011 est.) 5.498 (2010 est.) 5.2692 (2009) 4.98 (2008)
Fiscal year: calendar year
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 Communications
Telephones in use: 1.761 million (2011) country comparison to the world: 63
Cellular Phones in use: 5.115 million (2011)
Telephone system: general assessment: the telecommunications network has improved steadily since the mid-1990s, covering much of what were once inaccessible areas; local lines are digital domestic: fixed-line teledensity holding steady at about 40 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions exceed the population international: country code – 385; digital international service is provided through the main switch in Zagreb; Croatia participates in the Trans-Asia-Europe (TEL) fiber-optic project, which consists of 2 fiber-optic trunk connections with Slovenia and a fiber-optic trunk line from Rijeka to Split and Dubrovnik; the ADRIA-1 submarine cable provides connectivity to Albania and Greece (2011)
Radio broadcast stations:
Television broadcast stations:
Internet country code: .hr
Internet hosts: 729,420 (2012)
Internet users: 2.234 million (2009)
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 Transportation
Airports: 69 (2012) country comparison to the world: 75
Airports (paved runways): total: 24 over 3,047 m: 2 2,438 to 3,047 m: 6 1,524 to 2,437 m: 3 914 to 1,523 m: 3 under 914 m: 10 (2012)
Airports (unpaved runways): total: 45 1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 914 to 1,523 m: 6 under 914 m: 38 (2012)
Heliports: 1 (2012)
Pipelines: gas 1,686 km; oil 532 km (2010)
Railways: total: 2,722 km standard gauge: 2,722 km 1.435-m gauge (984 km electrified) (2009)
Roadways: total: 29,343 km (includes 1,047 km of expressways) (2008)
Waterways: 785 km (2009)
Merchant marine: total: 77 by type: bulk carrier 24, cargo 7, chemical tanker 8, passenger/cargo 27, petroleum tanker 10, refrigerated cargo 1 foreign-owned: 2 (Norway 2) registered in other countries: 31 (Bahamas 1, Belize 1, Liberia 1, Malta 6, Marshall Islands 12, Panama 2, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 8) (2010)
Ports and terminals: Omisalj, Ploce, Rijeka, Sibernik, Split, Vukovar (on Danube River)
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 Military
Military branches: Armed Forces of the Republic of Croatia (Oruzane Snage Republike Hrvatske, OSRH), consists of five major commands directly subordinate to a General Staff: Ground Forces (Hrvatska Kopnena Vojska, HKoV), Naval Forces (Hrvatska Ratna Mornarica, HRM; includes coast guard), Air Force and Air Defense Command (Hrvatsko Ratno Zrakoplovstvo I Protuzracna Obrana), Joint Education and Training Command, Logistics Command; Military Police Force supports each of the three Croatian military forces (2010)
Military service age and obligation: 18-27 years of age for voluntary military service; 16 years of age with parental consent; 6-month service obligation; conscription abolished 1 January 2008 (2010)
Manpower available for military service: males age 16-49: 1,016,234 females age 16-49: 1,017,355 (2010 est.)
Manpower fit for military service: males age 16-49: 770,710 females age 16-49: 839,732 (2010 est.)

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