#205 = Burundi Population: 10,888,321


Welcome the 205th Country to visit our BLOG….We are so grateful that so many countries have stopped by…it’s a very cool feeling…

 Background
Burundi’s first democratically elected president was assassinated in October 1993 after only 100 days in office, triggering widespread ethnic violence between Hutu and Tutsi factions. More than 200,000 Burundians perished during the conflict that spanned almost a dozen years. Hundreds of thousands of Burundians were internally displaced or became refugees in neighboring countries. An internationally brokered power-sharing agreement between the Tutsi-dominated government and the Hutu rebels in 2003 paved the way for a transition process that led to an integrated defense force, established a new constitution in 2005, and elected a majority Hutu government in 2005. The government of President Pierre NKURUNZIZA, who was reelected in 2010, continues to face many political and economic challenges.
 Geography
Landlocked; straddles crest of the Nile-Congo watershed; the Kagera, which drains into Lake Victoria, is the most remote headstream of the White Nile
Location: Central Africa, east of Democratic Republic of the Congo
Geographic coordinates: 3 30 S, 30 00 E
Area: total: 27,830 sq km land: 25,680 sq km water: 2,150 sq kmSize comparison: slightly smaller than Maryland
Land Boundaries: total: 974 km border countries: Democratic Republic of the Congo 233 km, Rwanda 290 km, Tanzania 451 km
Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claims: none (landlocked)
Climate: equatorial; high plateau with considerable altitude variation (772 m to 2,670 m above sea level); average annual temperature varies with altitude from 23 to 17 degrees centigrade but is generally moderate as the average altitude is about 1,700 m; average annual rainfall is about 150 cm; two wet seasons (February to May and September to November), and two dry seasons (June to August and December to January)
Terrain: hilly and mountainous, dropping to a plateau in east, some plains
Elevation extremes: lowest point: Lake Tanganyika 772 m highest point: Heha 2,670 m
Natural resources: nickel, uranium, rare earth oxides, peat, cobalt, copper, platinum, vanadium, arable land, hydropower, niobium, tantalum, gold, tin, tungsten, kaolin, limestone
Land use: arable land: 35.57% permanent crops: 13.12% other: 51.31% (2005)
Irrigated land: 230 sq km (2003)
Natural hazards: flooding; landslides; drought
Current Environment Issues: soil erosion as a result of overgrazing and the expansion of agriculture into marginal lands; deforestation (little forested land remains because of uncontrolled cutting of trees for fuel); habitat loss threatens wildlife populations
International Environment Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
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 People
Population: 10,888,321 (July 2013 est.) note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Age structure: 0-14 years: 45.6% (male 2,497,999/female 2,469,564) 15-24 years: 19.7% (male 1,071,135/female 1,074,763) 25-54 years: 28.4% (male 1,533,191/female 1,559,661) 55-64 years: 3.8% (male 186,706/female 225,467) 65 years and over: 2.5% (male 108,243/female 161,592) (2013 est.) population pyramid:
Median age: total: 17 years male: 16.6 years female: 17.3 years (2012 est.)
Population growth rate: 3.104% (2012 est.)
Birth rate: 40.58 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)
Death rate: 9.36 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)
Net migration rate: -0.18 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.67 male(s)/female total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
Infant mortality rate: total: 60.32 deaths/1,000 live births male: 64.85 deaths/1,000 live births female: 55.67 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 59.24 years male: 57.52 years female: 61.02 years (2012 est.)
Total fertility rate: 5.99 children born/woman (2013 est.)
HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate: 3.3% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS: 180,000 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS – deaths: 15,000 (2009 est.)
Nationality: noun: Burundian(s) adjective: Burundian
Ethnic groups: Hutu (Bantu) 85%, Tutsi (Hamitic) 14%, Twa (Pygmy) 1%, Europeans 3,000, South Asians 2,000
Religions: Christian 82.8% (Roman Catholic 61.4%, Protestant 21.4%), Muslim 2.5%, Adventist 2.3%, other 6.5%, unknown 5.9% (2008 census)
Languages: Kirundi (official), French (official), Swahili (along Lake Tanganyika and in the Bujumbura area)
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write total population: 67.2% male: 72.9% female: 61.8% (2010 est.)
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 Government
Country name: conventional long form: Republic of Burundi conventional short form: Burundi local long form: Republique du Burundi/Republika y’u Burundi local short form: Burundi former: Urundi
Government type: republic
Capital: name: Bujumbura geographic coordinates: 3 22 S, 29 21 E time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Administrative divisions: 17 provinces; Bubanza, Bujumbura Mairie, Bujumbura Rural, Bururi, Cankuzo, Cibitoke, Gitega, Karuzi, Kayanza, Kirundo, Makamba, Muramvya, Muyinga, Mwaro, Ngozi, Rutana, Ruyigi
Independence: 1 July 1962 (from UN trusteeship under Belgian administration)
National holiday: Independence Day, 1 July (1962)
Constitution: ratified by popular referendum 28 February 2005
Legal system: mixed legal system of Belgian civil law and customary law
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
Executive branch: chief of state: President Pierre NKURUNZIZA – Hutu (since 26 August 2005); First Vice President Therence SINUNGURUZA – Tutsi (since 29 August 2010); Second Vice President Gervais RUFYIKIRI – Hutu (since 29 August 2010); note – the president is both the chief of state and head of government head of government: President Pierre NKURUNZIZA – Hutu (since 26 August 2005); First Vice President Therence SINUNGURUZA – Tutsi (since 29 August 2010); Second Vice President Gervais RUFYIKIRI – Hutu (since 29 August 2010) cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by president (For more information visit the World Leaders website ) elections: the president elected by popular vote for a five-year term (eligible for a second term); elections last held on 28 June 2010 (next to be held in 2015); vice presidents nominated by the president, endorsed by parliament election results: Pierre NKURUNZIZA elected president by popular vote; Pierre NKURUNZIZA 91.6%, other 8.4%; note – opposition parties withdrew from the election due to alleged government interference in the electoral process
Legislative branch: bicameral Parliament or Parlement, consists of a Senate (54 seats; 34 members elected by indirect vote to serve five-year terms, with remaining seats assigned to ethnic groups and former chiefs of state) and a National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (minimum 100 seats, 60% Hutu and 40% Tutsi with at least 30% being women; additional seats appointed by a National Independent Electoral Commission to ensure ethnic representation; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms) elections: last held on 23 July 2010 (next to be held in 2015) election results: Senate – percent of vote by party – NA%; seats by party – TBD; National Assembly – percent of vote by party – CNDD-FDD 81.2%, UPRONA 11.6%, FRODEBU 5.9%, others 1.3%; seats by party – CNDD-FDD 81, UPRONA 17, FRODEBU 5, other 3
Judicial branch: Supreme Court or Cour Supreme; Constitutional Court; High Court of Justice (composed of the Supreme Court and the Constitutional Court)
Political parties and leaders: governing parties: Burundi Democratic Front or FRODEBU [Leonce NGENDAKUMANA]; National Council for the Defense of Democracy – Front for the Defense of Democracy or CNDD-FDD [Jeremie NGENDAKUMANA]; Union for National Progress (Union pour le Progress Nationale) or UPRONA [Bonaventure NIYOYANKANA] note: a multiparty system was introduced after 1998, included are: National Council for the Defense of Democracy or CNDD [Leonard NYANGOMA]; National Resistance Movement for the Rehabilitation of the Citizen or MRC-Rurenzangemero [Epitace BANYAGANAKANDI]; Party for National Redress or PARENA [Jean-Baptiste BAGAZA]
Political pressure groups and leaders: Forum for the Strengthening of Civil Society or FORSC [Pacifique NININAHAZWE] (civil society umbrella organization); Observatoire de lutte contre la corruption et les malversations economiques or OLUCOME [Gabriel RUFYIRI] (anti-corruption pressure group) other: Hutu and Tutsi militias (loosely organized)
International organization participation: ACP, AfDB, AU, CEPGL, COMESA, EAC, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, NAM, OIF, OPCW, UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNISFA, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Angele NIYUHIRE chancery: Suite 212, 2233 Wisconsin Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20007 telephone: [1] (202) 342-2574 FAX: [1] (202) 342-2578
Diplomatic representation from the US: chief of mission: Ambassador [vacant]; Charge d’Affaires Samuel R. WATSON embassy: Avenue des Etats-Unis, Bujumbura mailing address: B. P. 1720, Bujumbura telephone: [257] 22-207-000 FAX: [257] 22-222-926
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 Economy
Burundi is a landlocked, resource-poor country with an underdeveloped manufacturing sector. The economy is predominantly agricultural; agriculture accounts for just over 30% of GDP and employs more than 90% of the population. Burundi’s primary exports are coffee and tea, which account for 90% of foreign exchange earnings, though exports are a relatively small share of GDP. Burundi’s export earnings – and its ability to pay for imports – rests primarily on weather conditions and international coffee and tea prices. An ethnic-based war that lasted for over a decade resulted in more than 200,000 deaths, forced more than 48,000 refugees into Tanzania, and displaced 140,000 others internally. Only one in two children go to school, and approximately one in 15 adults has HIV/AIDS. Food, medicine, and electricity remain in short supply. Less than 2% of the population has electricity in its homes. Burundi’s GDP grew around 4% annually in 2006-12. Political stability and the end of the civil war have improved aid flows and economic activity has increased, but underlying weaknesses – a high poverty rate, poor education rates, a weak legal system, a poor transportation network, overburdened utilities, and low administrative capacity – risk undermining planned economic reforms. The purchasing power of most Burundians has decreased as wage increases have not kept up with inflation. Burundi will remain heavily dependent on aid from bilateral and multilateral donors – foreign aid represents 42% of Burundi’s national income, the second highest rate in Sub-Saharan Africa. Burundi joined the East African Community in 2009, which should boost Burundi’s regional trade ties, and also in 2009 received $700 million in debt relief. Government corruption is hindering the development of a healthy private sector as companies seek to navigate an environment with ever changing rules.
GDP (purchasing power parity): GDP (purchasing power parity): $5.489 billion (2012 est.) $5.268 billion (2011 est.) $5.057 billion (2010 est.) note: data are in 2012 US dollars
GDP (official exchange rate): GDP (official exchange rate): $2.53 billion (2012 est.)
GDP – real growth rate: 4.2% (2012 est.) 4.2% (2011 est.) 3.8% (2010 est.)
GDP – per capita (PPP): GDP – per capita (PPP): $600 (2012 est.) $600 (2011 est.) $600 (2010 est.) note: data are in 2012 US dollars
GDP – composition by sector: agriculture: 31.1% industry: 21.3% services: 47.7% (2012 est.)
Labor force: 4.245 million (2007)
Labor force – by occupation: agriculture: 93.6% industry: 2.3% services: 4.1% (2002 est.)
Unemployment rate: NA%
Population below poverty line: 68% (2002 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 4.1% highest 10%: 28% (2006)
Distribution of family income – Gini index: 42.4 (1998)
Inflation rate (consumer prices): Inflation rate (consumer prices): 16% (2012 est.) 9.7% (2011 est.)
Investment (gross fixed): Investment (gross fixed): 21.7% of GDP (2012 est.)
Budget: revenues: $473.2 million expenditures: $558.5 million (2012 est.)
Public debt: 72.3% of GDP (2012 est.) 80.4% of GDP (2011 est.)
Agriculture – products: coffee, cotton, tea, corn, sorghum, sweet potatoes, bananas, cassava (manioc); beef, milk, hides
Industries: light consumer goods such as blankets, shoes, soap, and beer; assembly of imported components; public works construction; food processing
Industrial production growth rate: 7% (2010 est.)
Electricity – production: 127 million kWh (2009 est.) country comparison to the world: 190
Electricity – consumption: 198.1 million kWh (2009 est.)
Electricity – exports: 0 kWh (2010 est.)
Electricity – imports: 80 million kWh (2009 est.)
Natural gas – production: 0 cu m (2010 est.)
Natural gas – consumption: 0 cu m (2010 est.)
Natural gas – exports: 0 cu m (2010 est.)
Natural gas – imports: 0 cu m (2010 est.)
Natural gas – proved reserves: 0 cu m (1 January 2012 est.)
Current account balance: -$337.4 million (2012 est.) -$253.4 million (2011 est.)
Exports: $107.4 million (2012 est.) $90.8 million (2011 est.)
Exports – commodities: coffee, tea, sugar, cotton, hides
Exports – partners: Germany 15.6%, China 10.5%, Sweden 9.5%, Belgium 9%, Pakistan 7.4%, US 7.4%, France 4.3% (2011)
Imports: $569.7 million (2012 est.) $536.6 million (2011 est.)
Imports – commodities: capital goods, petroleum products, foodstuffs
Imports – partners: Saudi Arabia 17.1%, Belgium 8.3%, China 7.6%, Uganda 7.5%, Kenya 6.6%, Zambia 6.5%, US 6.3%, France 5.1%, India 4.1% (2011)
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold: $335.8 million (31 December 2012 est.) $295.5 million (31 December 2011 est.)
Debt – external: $231.7 million (31 December 2012 est.) $322.5 million (31 December 2011 est.)
Market value of publicly traded shares: $NA
Exchange rates: Burundi francs (BIF) per US dollar – 1,439.5 (2012 est.) 1,261.07 (2011 est.) 1,230.8 (2010 est.) 1,230.18 (2009) 1,198 (2008)
Fiscal year: calendar year
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 Communications
Telephones in use: 30,000 (2011) country comparison to the world: 177
Cellular Phones in use: 1.915 million (2011)
Telephone system: general assessment: sparse system of open-wire, radiotelephone communications, and low-capacity microwave radio relays domestic: telephone density one of the lowest in the world; fixed-line connections stand at well less than 1 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular usage is increasing but remains at roughly 20 per 100 persons international: country code – 257; satellite earth station – 1 Intelsat (Indian Ocean) (2011)
Radio broadcast stations:
Television broadcast stations:
Internet country code: .bi
Internet hosts: 229 (2012)
Internet users: 157,800 (2009)
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 Transportation
Airports: 7 (2012) country comparison to the world: 165
Airports (paved runways): total: 1 over 3,047 m: 1 (2012)
Airports (unpaved runways): total: 6 914 to 1,523 m: 4 under 914 m: 2 (2012)
Heliports: 1 (2012)
Roadways: total: 12,322 km paved: 1,286 km unpaved: 11,036 km (2004)
Waterways: (mainly on Lake Tanganyika between Bujumbura, Burundi’s principal port, and lake ports in Tanzania, Zambia, and the Democratic Republic of Congo) (2011)
Ports and terminals: Bujumbura
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 Military
Military branches: National Defense Forces (Forces de Defense Nationale, FDN): Army (includes naval detachment, Air Wing, and Coast Guard), National Gendarmerie (2011)
Military service age and obligation: military service is voluntary; the armed forces law of 31 December 2004 did not specify a minimum age for enlistment, but the government claimed that no one younger than 18 was being recruited; mandatory retirement age 45 (enlisted), 50 (NCOs), and 55 (officers) (2011)
Manpower available for military service: males age 16-49: 2,182,327 females age 16-49: 2,202,125 (2010 est.)
Manpower fit for military service: males age 16-49: 1,398,769 females age 16-49: 1,481,417 (2010 est.)

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